2. Switchgrass is a native, warm-season, perennial, tall grass that reproduces from seed and rhizomes. There are several varieties of switchgrass available to the grower to choose from but two of the more popular types are Blackwell and Cave-In-Rock or CIR for short. It is highly adaptable to a wide range of soils and growing conditions. A study was conducted to reduce seed dormancy and to improve germination at suboptimal temperatures in switchgrass cultivars Cave-in-Rock (CIR), Dakota (DK) and New Jersey 50 (NJ). http://www.linkedin.com/company/ernst-conservation-seeds?trk=biz-companies-cyf, Biodiverse Polyculture Mix for Biomass Production & Wildlife Habitat, Native Upland Wildlife Forage & Cover Meadow Mix. On the RWWP website Don has a comparison between his switchgrass blend and CIR. This mismanagement weakened the stands and eventually led to their demise. Switchgrass is a tall-growing, warm-season, perennial grass that is native to much of the United States including Virginia. • Mow prior to weed flowering to prevent weeds from producing more seed. testing, Cave-In-Rock switchgrass seed was released in March 1974 from the Elsberry Plant Materials Center for different conservation uses. Returns & Cancellations Following the mowing,usually a month or so later an application of a 41% glphyosate herbicide such as roundup at a rate of 1.5-2 qts per acre will take care of any new regrowth. The switchgrass seed that you would order from Deer Creek Seed will grow just fine – but there may be a certain percentage that won’t germinate until next year. Think of it this way, if you've ever owned an older dog that needed milk poured on his dogfood to soften it up for easier chewing, switchgrass seeds are similar as well. The timing of this last spraying is crucial as the herbicide needs to be applied before the switchgrass has germinated or the roundup herbicide will kill off the new switchgrass plants as well. One of the most misunderstood facts about planting switchgrass is what time of the year is the best to plant. Switchgrass seeds are very hard and to break the dormancy, require a good dose of cold, wet weather from mother nature to help soften them up a bit which helps to open the seedcoat. USDA PLANTS Database, Ordering Information Bloom Period: Warm Season. It has adapted regionally to widely differing … Switchgrass, a warm season, vigorous perennial can be found growing throughout the United States. The Panicum Virgatum grass, known as the Switch Grass, is native to the Midwestern United States and is most commonly found growing throughout … Like most perennial grass seed, switchgrass seed exhibits varying degrees of dormancy that decreases as the seed ages. Switchgrass is a native, warm-season, perennial, tall grass that reproduces from seed and rhizomes. Stratified seed were Star Seed Inc is a leading provider of high quality seed with distribution across North America During this spring spraying before my switchgrass has had a chance to germinate, I also make a point to add at least 2qts (preferably 4qts) per acre of Atrazine herbicide mixed in with the roundup and spray both together. Price List CALL ANYTIME! Since switchgrass is unaffected by Atrazine herbicide, no problems will arise from using it on your switchgrass seeding. (Panicum virgatum) - Switchgrass, a warm season, vigorous perennial can be found growing throughout the United States. Biomass, Erosion Control & Revegetation, Grasses & Grass-like Species, Uplands & Meadows, Wildlife Habitat & Food Plots Switchgrass utilization is an emerging market currently in the research and demonstration-project arena. Prior to the switchgrass germinating, cool season grasses that escaped the herbicide treatment from the previous fall can come on strong threatening your switchgrass stand. Privacy Policy. Killed sod is the ideal situation for spreading that switchgrass seed into come late winter. CIR seed planted too late in the spring will often times not germinate due to missing this critical step. Sometimes I find myself having to make two applications of roundup on the future switchgrass planting site with the last application being in late September or early Oct depending on weather conditions. Seeds per Pound: 259,000. It looks like his blend is about 7-8' and much taller than standard CIR. Regions: 1,2,3,4,5,6. News & Media I personally prefer CIR switchgrass when creating deer bedding areas mainly because of the height advantage that it provides. It grows to a height of 3 to 8 feet tall, depending on the variety. Shipping Information Switchgrass is categorized as either upland or lowland. Many farmers prefer Switchgrass to other varieties of native grasses because of th… It’s one of the dominant species of the tallgrass prairie, and can grow up to six feet tall. A rhizomatous, upland warm season bunchgrass; a good biomass producer; a favorite for reclamation and wildlife. Switchgrass is a native, perennial, warm-season, sod-forming tall grass. Despite the misuse of switchgrass plantings, the seed variety is also one of the most widely appropriate plantings for deer that landowners can make. Sun: Full Sun. It grows to a height of 3 to 8 feet tall, depending on the variety. CIR switchgrass can easily grow to heights ranging from 4'to 6' and it's excellent standability is quite impressive. Once the seed has been spread at a rate of 5-7 lbs per acre, one more application of herbicide is critical in early spring to your switchgrass plantings success. Growth: Perennial. Compared to other NWSG's such as Big Bluestem or Indiangrass that can become flattened from a heavy snowfall, switchgrass is unique in it's ability to stand right back up within a couple days of being knocked over. A thick stand of Switchgrass makes excellent winter and early spring wildlife cover because of its ability to remain in an upright position when covered with snow or ice. • On established stands can use sheep or goat grazing early in season before switchgrass begins to grow. As mentioned earlier, since switchgrass is a warm season grass, it won't germinate until soil temps reach 68 degrees which is usually the end of April or first of May in my area. In Michigan, my best stands have been created using the switchgrass variety of Cave in Rock (CIR). For best results, I recommend preparing your switchgrass plantings in the fall prior to spreading seed in late winter or early spring. Wetland: UPL, FACW. When used as part of a mix, ensure that the mix consists of not less than 1.0% and not more than 50.0% of the total.Truax Seedbox: Fine, Home Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) is a summer perennial grass that is native to North America. switchgrass cultivars, two seed stratification treatments and three establishment treatments was conducted in Breathitt Co. in the eastern coal fields of Kentucky. Switchgrass Seed. Species Type: Native Switchgrass commonly referred to as a NWSG, which stands for native warm season grass is a type of grass that starts growing later in the season usually around the end of April to mid May depending on location and climate. Results Germination assays of seed of 13 switchgrass genotypes harvested in 2016 are the focus of this reported research. Ernst Conservation Seeds, Inc. | 8884 Mercer Pike, Meadville PA 16335 | © 2020. A large portion of switchgrass plantings can be used for various screening practices which will be discussed next, but here are a few tips to make sure that you are getting the most out of your goals for producing quality bedding opportunities: Contact Us, Project Planner Valuable as livestock forage, wildlife habitat, erosion control and biofuel source. 3.1. Resource Center Since alot of people plant their foodplots and other crops in the spring, they automatically assume that is the time to plant switchgrass as well. Seed Finder Tool Classification: Herbaceous PerennialBloom Period: June to OctoberFoliage Color: GreenHeight: Up to 5.5 FtMinimum Root Depth: 12 inpH: 4.5 – 8.0, Northcentral & Northeast: FAC Midwest: FAC Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FAC Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FAC, Shade: Full SunDrought: ModerateSalt: Moderate, Approximate seeds per lb: 259,000Seeding Rate: Expect to apply about 8 lb per acre. Seed Information: Approximate seeds per lb: 259,000 Seeding Rate: Expect to apply about 8 lb per acre. It is a natural component of the tall grass prairie that covered most of the Great Plains, as well as the south and eastern United States. Planting switchgrass for deer bedding areas has become an essential tool that I commonly use for holding those big mature bucks on my property. Call Roger at Custom Seed (712-784-2430) western IA, I got my CIR seed for $9.25 a pound from him. Conservation Uses Cave-in-Rock switchgrass has valuable adaptations that can be used for range and pasture land, wind barriers, biofuel, and protection for lands subject to overflow and inundation. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a warm season perennial grass that shows potential as a forage in the southeastern USA.Problems with switchgrass establishment from seed are often due to inherent seed dormancy from seeds harvested in fall and seeded the following spring. Seed from 44 of the 47 switchgrass genotypes (three had insufficient seed) were germinated in the spring of 2014 in the greenhouse and these half-sibling seedlings were used to establish a cold-tolerant space plant nursery in the field along with check control rows of commercial cultivars CIR… Switchgrass Plantings for Awesome Whitetail Cover. They’ve developed long-term survival mechanisms like dormancy which ensure they … Compared to other NWSG's such as Big Bluestem or Indiangrass that can become flattened from a heavy snowfall, switchgrass is unique in it's ability to stand right back up within a couple days of being knocked over. Switchgrass can be established on a variety of soils including the dreaded sandy soil. Product Categories: It is now possible, in some regions of the country, to seed switchgrass in the spring, harvest 50 percent of the yield potential of the cultivar after killing frost in the seeding year, and reach 75 to 100 percent of full production the next year after seeding. Tim Seed of each cultivar was divided into two equal portions and either stratified or left untreated. Planting Guides The seed from cold-tolerant genotypes in this study were evaluated for germination with and without stratification using an alternating temperature to negate some influence of dormancy on germination. Switchgrass has numerous roots reaching to 10 feet deep, as well as underground rhizomes making it … leaf tips of the switchgrass seedlings are cut, and the growing point is not damaged. Switchgrass is a 3’ to 7”+ tall native perennial bunch grass, and is one of our most important tall warm season grasses. The roundup takes care of the cool season grasses that are actively growing and the Atrazine will prevent other unwanted seeds from germinating later in the summer. A clean field of roundup ready soybeans planted from the previous year also makes a great planting site to establish switchgrass bedding areas for deer. It is most commonly found in prairie lowlands, but will grow under wide range of climatic conditions. Upland types are typically shorter and generally found on upland sites with lower fertility and drier conditions. Terms & Conditions Cave-n-Rock switchgrass is a perennial, warm season native grass that grows an average of 3-5 feet tall, but in some regions, can reach up to 6 feet tall at maturity. Panicum virgatum, commonly known as switchgrass, is a perennial warm season bunchgrass native to North America, where it occurs naturally from 55°N latitude in Canada southwards into the United States and Mexico.Switchgrass is one of the dominant species of the central North American tallgrass prairie and can be found in remnant prairies, in native grass pastures, and naturalized along roadsides. Performs well on a wide range of soils. Seed dormancy is a significant issue to consider before planting switchgrass. In closing, remember that switchgrass is slow at establishing itself the first year, but with good weed control practices, your switchgrass planting will explode with growth the second year and provide some of the thickest whitetail bedding cover available. Switchgrass prices have really gone up since last fall but the voucher will help if you can still get one. CIR switchgrass can easily grow to heights ranging from 4'to 6' and it's excellent standability is quite impressive. I have also had success by lightly tilling fields which previously grew RR soybeans and spreading seed on a rolled (packed) surface and then rolling a second time after seeding to ensure good seed/soil contact. Switchgrass is a perennial warm season grass that takes 3-5 years to fully establish. Switchgrass also provided good habitat and protection for upland game birds such as pheasant, quail, and grouse. Switchgrass has numerous roots reaching to ten feet deep, as well as underground rhizomes making it an important grass for use in conservation programs. Switchgrass will grow in a variety of soil types but prefer soils that are well drained. The most successfull switchgrass stands are those that have been planned out way ahead of time by the landower. 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