The Yangon-Pyay line is Myanmar’s first rail line, dating 1877. Since Thanbyuzayat was on the Moulmein-Ye railway line and Ban Pong connected to Bangkok via Kanchanaburi, the line would provide a direct connection (with a ferry from Moulmein to Martaban) between Bangkok and Rangoon. The company's coal and rolling stock were imported from India or Britain. When it was built, it was the longest such viaduct in the world. During the postwar era, the rail network was rebuilt. Muse-Lashio-Mandalay is the second longest railroad section after Yangon-Mandalay in Myanmar. Trains in more remote parts of Myanmartend to be the slowest and least reliable. The first railway line in Myanmar, between Yangon and Pyay, 161 miles apart, was opened on the 1st of May 1877, by the Irrawaddy State Railway. It was replaced in 1954 by Yangon Central, designed by architect Sithu U Tin, who blended traditional Myanmar and modern design elements. Subscribe to our tender alert mailing list Date: 2nd August, 2017 IFB No: IFB-MR/YCR/UG/CP201 (T) 2017-18, and MR/YCR/UG/CP202 (T) 2017-18 1. myanmar railways. In 1942, The country had 3,313 kilometres (2,059 mi) of meter-gauge track in 1942, but during World War II the Japanese removed about 480 kilometres (300 mi). This railway created a continuous 724-mile (1,165 km) line from Rangoon to Myitkyina through the Kachin Hills, except for a ferry crossing of the Irrawaddy at Sagaing. [1][page needed] The Inwa Bridge at Sagaing, Burma's only bridge across the Irrawaddy, opened in 1934[4] with two decks: one for road traffic and one for trains.[5]. Rail transport was first introduced in Myanmar in May 1877 when Lower Burma was a British colony with the opening of the 163-mile (262 km) Yangon to Pyay line by The Irrawaddy Valley State Railway. Majority of the workers are given the chance whether to commute or to drive to work. [10] Its construction is depicted in the film, The Bridge on the River Kwai. The Japanese built the lines with Allied prisoners of war, and an estimated 15,000 POWs and 150,000 others died during the construction of the 245-mile (394 km) railway—about 675 deaths per mile. The Mu Valley State Railway was formed after the opening of this section, and construction began on a rail line from Sagaing to Myitkyina connecting Mandalay to Shwebo (1891), Wuntho (1893),[3] Katha (1895) and Myitkyina (1898). With return on capital declining, Burma Railways became the country's single largest debt item when the financial separation of India and Burma took place in 1937. The name Burma Railways Corporation was changed to Myanma Railways on 1st April, 1989. Myanmar Railway Invitation for Bid. Myanmar Railways (MR) (Burmese: မြန်မာ့ မီးရထား, pronounced: [mjəma̰ míjətʰá]; also spelled Myanma Railways; formerly Burma Railways) is the state-owned agency that operates the railway network in Myanmar. Myanmar Railways has expanded its network somewhat since 1988. Around this time, they began to lose money because of competition from road transport. Muse-Lashio-Mandalay Railway Project is a major exit of China and it is also the project linking with Myanmar. Start free trial for all Keywords. (hereinafter referred to as ", Covid-19: 70 new cases, death toll at 109 as at May 11, KL Sentral sees train passengers increase, Social distancing derailed in train due to technical glitch, says KTMB. So nice experience to travel slowly through Myanmar, and share this moment with burmese families, monks, and all those who pick up the train to sell some food etc. This 263 km railway line ran between Yangon and Pyay and was operated by a private company, The Irrawaddy Valley State Railway Company. In 1942 the British Governor took over the powers and functions of the Burma Railway Board and delegated these power to a body of persons with the Chief Railway Commissioner as ex-officio president. The building was designed in the British Victorian style and the access roads were bordered by grassy lawns. The improvement of the section between [4] In 1928, the Burma Railway Company was dissolved; the railways were brought directly under government operation and renamed Burma Railways. Trains in Myanmar are classified Up (heading north) or Down (heading south), and each route has a number. When the Japanese occupied Thailand and Burma, they decided to build a railway connecting their Southeast Asian territories with Burma (partly to facilitate the movement of troops and supplies for their planned invasion of India). 16.96%. Audience Overlap Similar sites that share the same visitors and search keywords with this site. The original Yangon Budagyi, or main railway station, was built under colonial rule in 1877. Unusually for a British colonial railway, it was built to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge. By the end of the war, 1,085 kilometres (674 mi) were operational in four isolated sections. The Yangon Central Railway Station, which will take at least eight years to complete, is expected to link the south of Yangon to the downtown business district and promote more extensive trade and economic growth across Yangon. After the First World War, a line was built between Moulmein and Ye at the northern end of the Mergui Archipelago. Myanmar Railway Headquarters info This simple but elegant buildings was constructed as the headquarters of the state-run Burma Railways, founded during the British colonial era in 1877. Unusually for a British colonial railway, it was built to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 ⁄8 in) metre gauge. Subsequent development was to the same August 3, 2017 by Thiha. It is a part of the Western North-South Corridor (Yangon-Pyay-Magway-Mandalay), which is a priority corridor of Myanmar National Transport Plan (MYT-Plan), 4 including 33% of Myanmar’s population and 42% of the gross domestic product. Myanmar Railway Map . During the Japanese occupation of Burma, Allied prisoners of war were forced to build the Burma Railway. Closing Date 31 October 2017. Yangon Central railway station was first built in 1877 by the British to support Burma's first railway line, from Yangon to Pyay. The first railway line in Myanmar, between Yangon and Pyay, 161 miles apart, was opened on the 1st of May 1877,by the Ir-rawaddy State Railway. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_rail_transport_in_Myanmar&oldid=990992841, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Chaung-U-Tawkyaungyi (23.4 km), part of the 406.3-kilometre (252 mi) Chaung-U-Pakokku-Kalaymyo line, Tada-U-Mandalay International Airport (11.8 km), Namsang-Moe-Ne (44.3 km), the first section of the eastern extension of the Thazi-Shwenyaung line, Tavoy-Yephu (17.2 km), part of the 177-kilometre (110 mi) Mawlamyaing-Ye-Tavoy line, Pyay-Myade/Aunglan-Satthwa (145.4 km), an alternative line to Bagan, Kaloggyi-Yephu (141.6 km), part of the 177-kilometre (110 mi) Mawlamyaing-Ye-Dawei line, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 18:08. Myanmar has over 5,400 km of railway track, operated exclusively by Myanmar Railways, a state owned organisation. This was a result of bitter price competition among bidders for the procurement of passenger coaches and freight wagons. This 263 km railway line ran between Yangon and Pyay and was operated by a private [Read more…] Myanmar Train Guide. Each train route also has a designated two- or three-digit number. [4] Until the Thanlwin Bridge opened in 2006, it was impossible to travel from Rangoon to Moulmein by rail. Burma's last major rail line, from Thazi on the Rangoon-Mandalay line to Kalaw (a hill station in the southern Shan State) was built between 1914 and 1918. What later became the Burma Railway eventually extended to more than 4,800 kilometres of track, spanning much of the country, with the main stations being Rangoon (Yangon) and Mandalay. Due to … The colonial structure of the Yangon railway station and rusting antiquated trains instantly gives you an old time feeling. A 110-mile (180 km) branch line from the Rangoon-Pyay railroad connected Bassein in the Irrawaddy delta to Rangoon, and the Mandalay-Hsipaw-Lashio railway ran 117 miles (188 km) through the Shan Hills (nearly to the border with China). The station was located on the southern side of the railway compound on the upper block of Phayre Street (now Pansodan Street) in the downtown area. Site’s Overlap Score 25. The name Burma Railways Corporation was changed to Myanma Railways on 1st April, 1989. The first railway line in Myanmar, the Yangon-Pyay (then called Prome) line, was put into commission 142 years ago today. first appeared on Ministry Of Rail Transportation. Therefore, it will be okay only if China gets involved, Ba Myint, Managing Director of Myanma Railways, told The Daily Eleven. We have a dedicated railway tour of … Most routes are single-track, although large portions of the Yangon-Pyay and Yangon-Mandalay routes are double-track. Answered: History of rail transport in Myanmar This article is part of the history of rail transport series. The State Law and Order Restoration Council took over state power on 18th September 1988 and following the change of the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma to the Union of Myanmar. Being developed on about 10 acres (4.6 hectares) of prime downtown land owned by Myanma Railways, the build-operate-transfer project will feature luxury residences, office towers, a business hotel and serviced apartments, and will also include the heritage-listed Burma Railways headquarters, built in 1877, which is being transformed into a five-star Peninsula hotel. But in 1896, Irrawaddy State Railway gave way to Burma Railways Co. Ltd. Yangon, Myanmar (Burma) Since its original construction in 1877, Yangon Central Railway Station has served as an important transportation link for the Burmese people. Unusually for a British colonial railway, it seems that it was built to metre gauge. Upper class has very confortable seats. British companies examined the possibility of building a railway from Rangoon to Yunnan to link with a second line from Bangkok to Yunnan, but were unable to obtain financial backing.[10]. Rail transport in Myanmar (then Burma) began in 1877. In the late 19th century, the growing railway system was administered from these premises. The post Why Drive a Car than Commute? In 1943, retreating British troops destroyed the station to avoid it falling into Japanese hands. Pyay is situated on the eastern bank of the Ayeyarwady River on a lovely location. [7][8] The track rises in a continuous 1:40 gradient, and the viaduct (designed by Alexander Rendel & Sons and built by the Pennsylvania Steel Company) was considered an engineering marvel at the time. The Union of Burma Railway was again reorganized in 1972 and the power and the functions of the Union of the Burma Railway Board were entrusted into the hands of the management committee with the Managing Director who also was to be the Chief Executives as Chairman and the name, Union of Burma Railways was changed to the Burma Railways Corporation. The Irrawaddy line was considered commercially important because it could transport rice from the valley to the main port at Rangoon, and the Sittang line was strategically important because of Toungoo's proximity to the border with Upper Burma (then part of the Ava kingdom). The first railway line in Myanmar was built by the British in 1877 from Yangon to Pyay (then known as Prome), 259km to the northwest, on the banks of the Irrawaddy River. [6] The latter railway included the Gokteik viaduct, a 2,260-foot-long (690 m), 320-foot-high (98 m) viaduct across the Gokteik gorge near Nawnghkio. It is a city halfway between Yangon and Bagan. This began an upsurge in construction and track-doubling, and Myanmar Railways operated 11 divisions over 5,068 kilometres (3,149 mi) of track by 2000. 41.63%. From Mandalay it crossed the river and, avoiding the Irrawaddy valley, went up the May 1, 1877 saw the launch of Myanmar’s first railway line creating a better strategic connection with British India, European markets and unconquered parts of the country. Now Thailand ) and China the Ayeyarwady River on a lovely location Myanmar! Opened in 1877, followed the Irrawaddy Valley State railway company River Kwai rusting antiquated trains instantly gives an! 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